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Valuation of benefits connected to conservation or improvment of environmental quality in local watercourses in Norway

Norwegian environmental policy is rather decentralised, "locally adapted" environmental policy, and the trend is towards even more local influence (self-government). Pollution policy in particular has been so-called "recipient-oriented". That is, it has been emphasised that pollution control and reduction objectives could and should differ between different watercourses, rivers, lakes and fjords. This is necessary because of differences in the recipients' buffer capacity, use and existence of alternatives, etc. Norway as a country has national goals for pollution reduction and biodevirsity preservation. It is recognized, however, that even though objective for instance in the North Sea Plan Area, is to reduce nutrient inputs (nitrogen and phosphorus) by 50 per cent, this does not necessarily mean that leaching from every source, or even reduction in every lake, should be 50 per cent.

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