A Model for Accounting the Environmental Loads from Building Constructions
The objective for this project was to develop a model as a basis for calculation of environmental profile for whole building constructions, based upon data from databases and general LCA software, in addition to the model structure from the Nordic project on LCC assessment of buildings.
The model has been tested on three building constructions; timber based, flexible and heavy as well as heavy. Total energy consumption and emissions contributing to climate change are calculated in a total life cycle perspective.
The developed model and exemplifying case assessments have shown that a holistic model including operation phase is both important and possible to implement. The project has shown that the operation phase causes the highest environmental loads when it comes to the exemplified impact categories.
A suggestion on further development of the model along two different axes in collaboration with a broader representation from the building sector is given in the report.