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Publications

Evaluating the odour properties of refreshed recycled plastics

This study compares malodour in refreshed recycled plastics with virgin materials and attempts to evaluate the refreshment process for recyclates. Broad agreement with previous analytical tests was found by human panels for evaluating the odor of recycled and virgin plastics. Very long refreshment times are necessar...

Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI): implementation as learning

With colleagues from OsloMet, Ellen-Marie Forsberg has published an article in Journal of Responsible Innovation about the implementation of Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) in the Research Council of Norway (RCN). For the RCN’s RRI approach, the concept of learning is important, and this perspective piece...

Relation between greenhouse gas emissions and economic profit for different configurations of biogas value chains

A case study on different levels of sector integration.

Biogas production through anaerobic digestion of organic waste and manure can potentially reduce greenhouse gas emissions in several sectors such as the waste, transport, energy and agricultural sector. The aim of this scientific paper was to study the effect of different levels of sector integration in biogas value...

Methodological accounting tool for climate and energy planning in a Norwegian municipality

The scientific article is part of the Klimareg project, a research project financed by Oslofjord Research Fund for strengthening the data and methodology and improving the tools used in Norwegian municipal and regional Climate and Energy planning. The aim of the article is to present a methodology to support the Cli...

Systematic environmental assessment of end-of-life pathways for domestic refrigerators

Rigorous and fair comparison of end-of-life handling options for domestic refrigerators is much more complicated than simple policy perspectives such as the waste hierarchy might suggest. The drive towards product reuse over material recycling merits particularly close attention. This study explores the factors that...

State of the art in S-LCA

integrating literature review and automatic text analysis

“The publication is the result of a collaboration between Ostfold Research and the Roma Tre University and Sapienza University of Roma (Italy). The aim of the study is to classify the wide variety of contributions on Social LCA for tracking the development of different themes and for defining and classifying the mai...

Reduction of environmental impacts through optimisation of biogas value chains.

Drivers, barriers and policy development

Biogas production from anaerobic digestion of organic resources can potentially contribute to a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions in several sectors and can play a central role in both the bioeconomy and the circular economy. Several European countries have political goals to increase biogas production and to in...

Optimising anaerobic digestion of manure resources at a regional level

This paper presents an optimisation model, which was developed to give decision support on methods of managing livestock manure resources within a region. The overall objective is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from livestock manure and at the same time obtain economic profitability for the farmer. The model was...

Packaging Strategies That Save Food

A Research Agenda for 2030

The Packaging Saves Food Research Group is a unique and global team of experts, hailing from the Nordic countries, the UK, the USA and Australia, and bringing together a wide range of academic disciplines, including material science, supply chain management, design, food quality, consumer psychology and environmenta...

Exploring sustainability metrics for redesigned consumer products

The evaluation of activities driving sustainability in the consumer product sphere, such as material recycling and product re-use, often appears to be over-optimistic. Replacement of primary resource production with secondary production, which is the source of most environmental improvements, is rarely evaluated rig...

Comparison of recycling and incineration of aluminium cans.

This project has been commissioned by Infinitum AS, the corporation that runs the deposit recycling scheme for beverage containers in Norway. The study is closely connected to previous work documented in the report ‘LCA of beverage container production, collection and treatment systems’ (Raadal et al., 2016a) and su...

The Nordic textile reuse and recycling commitment – a certification system for used textiles and textile waste

Østfoldforskning har i perioden januar 2015 - juni 2017 vært en av prosjektpartnerne i det nordiske prosjektet “The Nordic textile reuse and recycling commitment”. Prosjektet har vært finansiert av den Nordiske Avfalls Gruppen (NAG) i Nordisk Ministerråd og har vært et samarbeide mellom det Svenska Miljöinstitutet (...